Watercolor 12 X 20
Oil on canvas
A few decades ago, it was fashionable to have all the art in one’s home fit within a certain confined motif or genre. Since a home art collection reflects the taste of the owner, there is still a natural inclination to have wooded landscapes in a mountain home and ocean scenes in a coastal home. Yet in today’s more complicated world the contemporary collector more often than not reflects the much more eclectic and diverse world in which we live, regardless of the location of one’s home.
Paintings and other art works are more than a great way to dress up one’s living room, bedroom, business or any space. Many people value contemporary paintings according to how well they can spark a conversation with house guests or office clients. Paintings can open one’s mind to a new perspective of the world, while others stir the emotions. Other paintings and works of art simply set a tone for the room or space.
Not only can art be appreciated for its beauty, shock or just fascination it can also be a sound investment, retaining its value for generations to come.
To help buyers of contemporary paintings here is a simplified guide to a few of the most popular painting styles and how to distinguish one from the other. Disclaimer: this is by no means a comprehensive list. Space is much too limited to be comprehensive. Further qualification: this list is to Art what a cook tasting a spice is to a king’s banquet. It is by no means complete but rather a simple beginning to identify styles and characteristics of paintings.
Taking poetic license I’ll cover just a few with huge sweeping generalizations. Please feel free to pick these apart and add your own comments and experiences.
Photo-Realism, Super Realism, Sharp-Focus Realism, Hyper-Realism. We can argue for days about the details but this is a style where the illusion of reality is created through paint so the result looks more like a large, sharply focused photo. Camera’s and projectors are sometimes employed to achieve this look but the artist must bring a high level of technical expertise to pull it off well.
Realism: This is the art style most folks regard as “real art”, where the subject of the painting looks very much like it appears in real life. Created by a skillful use of paint, color and tone. The artist uses perspective to create an illusion of reality, setting the composition and lighting to make the most of the subject.
A sub-set of Realism is Painterly: which is close to realism but celebrates more the use of paint, through evident brushwork and texture in the paint. Unlike Realism scant use of blending techniques are used.
Impressionism: Americans love this style. In its earliest stages in Europe in the last 1800’s it was hated and considered rebellious. It was regarded as unfinished and rough. It celebrated light and color with an emphasis on nature filtered through the artists eye.
Expressionism/Fauvism: With these styles the artist does not feel compelled to use realistic colors or perspective to recreate a sense of reality. The emotional impact is of utmost importance. The artist wants to convey a mood or evoke an emotional response.
Abstraction: This is about painting the essence of a subject rather than the detail while still retaining an echo of the subject. Think reduced reality. The subject is “abstracted” out of reality. A keen development of composition is required to paint this way.
Abstract or more aptly stated, Non-Objective: This art does not try to look like anything from the “real world”. It is intentionally non-representational. The subject or point of the painting will be the colors, the textures and the materials. The uninitiated may think it an accidental mess, but at its best this kind of art has an impact that strikes you from the moment it is seen.
Art is an emotional experience. Each painting, each sculpture, each drawing was created through an emotional process endured by the artist. Their work is a reflection and a message from them to you. But how do you get in touch with the emotional side of art? In this blog post we talked about how to go in depth and read paintings. Now we’ll talk more about the emotions of paintings.
Sometimes the emotions that we feel from art are not necessarily the emotions that the artist intended. The beauty of art is that it can evoke so many diverse reactions from each individual. Our own experiences are brought to the table when we examine art. We’re all going to feel something that is completely our own.
Look at the art piece as a whole.
Perhaps you are now getting that it is your reaction, your own emotions in the presence of the painting that are important. As Shakespeare said, “This above all, to thine own self be true”. Giving serious attention to art will indeed tell you much more about yourself than it could ever tell you about the artist.
The best art speaks to our souls. The pieces that speak to me might not speak to you in the same way. What truly matters is that viewing the art helped you to learn something about yourself.
Can you recall learning to read? Struggling with the sounds-one-letter at a time. Then moving into inference and comprehension. Learning symbols to establish meaning, deduction to deepen understanding. Learning what you agreed or disagreed with or what you liked or disliked, came only after you learned discernment and critical thinking skills. Was learning to read valuable to you?
I contend learning to “read” a painting can bring you the same value.
All art; film, music, performing, literature are ways to share the very human need to communicate, express emotions and ideas as well as to connect with others. There is one big deviation with visual art; the visual artist has only one frame through which to communicate his/her idea. And once committed to a 2D format the artist must then let go. Now it becomes strictly up to the viewer to interpret. Here is the paradox, what the viewer sees or interprets may or may not have anything at all to do with what the artist intended. The viewer is in charge, and the more open the viewer the more exciting the viewing.
A painting can challenge you, lift your spirit, call you to play, open a new world, change your perspective, delight, or annoy or any other possible human emotion imaginable. There is no ‘should’ in your reaction to a painting nor is there a ‘should’ in what one will like or dislike. But learning to look will enrich one’s life.
So….. how do you read a painting?
Of course this is an incomplete introduction to art. It’s just a little nudge to get you thinking about art appreciation. The better you can read art the better the experience will become. Slow Down. What are you seeing, what are you feeling? What is the style, subject matter, story of the piece? Most importantly what did you learn about yourself?
Artist Patricia Cherry | 15295 Ridgewood Court Sonora, CA 95370 | 209-588-8175